The World Bank follows the Organisation for Economic Co – operation and Development in describing the SEA as ‘’ analytical and participatory approaches to strategic decision – making that aim to integrate environmental considerations into policies, plans and programmes, and evaluate the inter linkages with economic economic and social considerations ‘’ ( OECD – DAC 2006) .Originally, SEA was designed as an extention of environmental impact assessment ( EIA) of projects to plans, programs and policies . Over time SEA has become more strategic by bringing different groups of stakeholders into an environmental and social dialogue in an iterative and adaptive way. Most countries ‘ SEA legislation falls under and extends existing legislation to programs and plans. Many developing countries have recently adopted legislation or regulations on SEA, and the use of this assessment tool is increasing rapidly ( Slunge and Loayza 2012 )


In June 2015 the World Bank (WB) entered in to an agreement with the Government of Bangladesh (GOB) for the implementation of the Urban Resilience Project (URP) by the Capital Development Authority (RAJUK).

URP aims to strengthen the capacity of GOB agencies to respond to emergency events and strengthen the systems to reduce the vulnerability of future building construction to disasters. The project has 5 components:

         Component A: Reinforcing the Country’s Emergency Management Response Capacity

         Component B: Vulnerability Assessment of Critical and Essential Facilities

         Component C: Improved Construction, Urban Planning and Development

         Component D: Project Coordination, Monitoring and Evaluation

         Component E: Contingent Emergency Response


This Project seeks to create an enabling environment for coordinated, locally managed Disaster Management and  Relief. There are three core pillars of disaster resilience in urban settings, as: i) effectively respond to urban disasters; ii) reinforce existing infrastructure; and iii) ensure resilient construction.


A comprehensive approach to increasing urban resilience would require a three phased investment program, incorporating each core pillar in each investment. The proposed Project would serve as the first of these suggested investments and will focus on improving the critical capacity and infrastructure for emergency planning and response. The proposed Project will also lay the foundations for subsequent investment projects by identifying and addressing existing risks in the built environment, and fostering a culture of risk-sensitive urban development.


Considering the level of possible impact, the environment assessment policy has been triggered for the proposed operation and the Project is classified as “Category B”.

The Project is considering retrofitting of public buildings (hospital, office, educational institution etc.) in the future so that environmental risk associated with the investment need  to be reviewed through an environmental assessment. Under Component B of the Project to support long-term building retrofitting and code, a Strategic Environment Assessment (SEA) will be developed for integrating environmental concerns into development planning. The SEA will give guidance on the environmental consideration of the building retrofitting and code in close collaboration with the multiple departments. The URU will have an Environmental Unit for the strong execution of environmental safeguard in retrofitting buildings.